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Genesis of NITI AYOG and its Objectives

Genesis of NITI AYOG

On January 1, 2015, the Planning Commission was replaced by a new institution called NITI Aayog. The change aimed to shift towards a ‘Bottom-Up‘ approach, focusing on the idea of Maximum Governance and Minimum Government, in line with the spirit of ‘Cooperative Federalism.’ This move reflected a desire for a more people-centric and collaborative approach in envisioning a better future.

Objectives Of NITI Aayog

  • Encourage active participation of states in line with national objectives, promoting a unified approach.
  • Foster cooperative federalism by organizing well-structured assistance programs and procedures that involve collaboration between the central and state governments.
  • Develop plans for sustainable development at the village level, then aggregate and implement them across different levels of government.
  • Design an economic program that not only addresses economic concerns but also incorporates considerations for national security.
  • Give special attention to segments of society that might be at risk of not fully benefiting from economic progress.
  • Formulate strategic and long-term policy frameworks, programs, and initiatives, and assess their progress and success.
  • Provide guidance and foster collaborations among key stakeholders, both nationally and internationally, including think tanks, educational institutions, and political research organizations.
  • Develop a support system for entrepreneurs by leveraging the expertise of a network of professionals, both nationally and internationally.
  • Establish a forum to address cross-sectoral and cross-departmental issues, expediting the achievement of the progressive agenda.
  • Maintain an up-to-date Resource Centre, serving as a repository for research on governance and best practices in socio-economic development, and disseminate this information to participants.
  • Efficiently screen and evaluate project and strategy implementations, identifying the necessary resources to enhance the likelihood of success.
  • Prioritize technology advancement and capacity growth to effectively carry out programs and projects.
  • Undertake any other necessary actions to execute the public investment schedule and achieve the objectives of NITI Aayog.

Reasons for Creation of NITI Aayog

  • The Planning Commission, which has been around for 65 years, has become outdated and no longer serves a meaningful purpose. It was initially relevant in a command economy structure, but times have changed.
  • India is a diverse country with states at different stages of economic development, each having its unique strengths and weaknesses.
  • Using a ‘one size fits all’ approach to economic planning is no longer effective. This outdated method cannot make India competitive in today’s global economy.

Read Also: NITI Aayog’s Blueprint for Digital Inclusion Bharat

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