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Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE)

Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value

Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) project is a collaborative effort between the Government of India and the World Bank aimed at enhancing the quality and efficacy of skills training offered by Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and apprenticeships. On December 19, 2017, the Government of India and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) signed a financial agreement to support the STRIVE project. The primary objective of the project is to improve the relevance and efficiency of skills training provided through ITIs and apprenticeships. The project is set to conclude in November 2022, marking the end of its operational period.

About the Scheme

  1. The scheme marks a shift in the government’s approach to vocational education and training, prioritizing outcomes over inputs.
  2. It emphasizes the importance of achieving tangible results in the implementation of vocational programs.
  3. Rather than solely focusing on the resources invested, the scheme highlights the significance of the actual outcomes and impacts generated.
  4. This shift signifies a strategic redirection towards measuring the effectiveness and success of vocational education initiatives through measurable results.
  5. The scheme aims to ensure that vocational training programs deliver concrete outcomes that benefit individuals and the economy.


  1. The initiative focuses on institutional reforms and enhancing the quality and market alignment of long-term vocational education training programs.
  2. It seeks to incentivize Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) to enhance their performance across the board, including apprenticeship programs, by engaging Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), business associations, and industry clusters.
  3. The project’s objective is to establish a robust mechanism for delivering high-quality skill development training by strengthening key institutions such as State Directorates of Training & Employment, Central Staff Training and Research Institute (CSTARI), National Instructional Media Institute (NIMI), National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs), and ITIs.


It is a Central Sector Scheme (CSS) with a budget outlay of INR 2200 Crore (US $ 318 million) covering the following 4 result areas:

  1. Improved performance of ITI.
  2. Increased Capacities of State Governments to support ITIs and Apprenticeship Training
  3. Improved Teaching and Learning.
  4. Improved and Broadened Apprenticeship Training.

Improving ITI Performance Monitoring

  • Track % increase in graduates from respective ITIs.
  • Monitor % increase in female enrollment rates across ITI trades.
  • Measure % increase in total enrollments in ITIs.
  • Evaluate % increase in trainees undergoing On Job Training (OJT).

Strengthening State Government Support for ITIs and Apprenticeship Training

  • Conduct tracer studies to assess outcomes.
  • Reduce ITI trainer vacancies.
  • Develop career progression policies for ITI trainers.
  • Implement capacity building programs and refresher courses for trainers.

Improved Teaching and Learning

  • Upgrade and deploy CTS/CITS trades.
  • Enhance curricula.
  • Organize career development programs.
  • Implement examination reforms.

Improved and Broadened Apprenticeship Training

  • Encourage SMEs to engage apprentices.
  • Promote apprenticeship within industry clusters.
  • Establish State Apprenticeship Monitoring Cells for coordination.

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