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Shortcomings in India’s national security architecture

National Security Act : It allows preventive detention for months,if authorities are satisfied that a person is a threat to national.....

National Security Act : It allows preventive detention for months, if authorities are satisfy that a person is a threat to national security or law and order. The person does not need to be charged during this period of detention. The goal is to prevent the individual from committing a crime.

National Security Institutions
  • The National Security Council (NSC) was established in 1998 as an advisory body in India.
  • Currently, the Cabinet Committee on Security holds executive powers, while the NSC has limited meetings.
  • To enhance the effectiveness of the NSC, there is a need to amend the government’s allocation of business rules.
  • The NSC and its subordinate organizations, like the Strategic Policy Group, should be given more powers.
  • Strengthening national security institutions and revamping their functioning is crucial for better governance and security in the country.
National Security Adviser
  • The role of the National Security Adviser (NSA) needs to be redesign for better effectiveness.
  • The NSA plays a significant role in national security but lacks legal powers according to government rules.
  • The K.C. Pant Task Force recommended creating an NSA with the rank of a Cabinet Minister.
  • Implementing the Task Force’s recommendations would provide more accountability and legal formality to the NSA.
  • The NSA to be accountable to Parliament for better oversight and transparency in national security matters.
Reforms in National Security Planning
  • Fundamental structural reforms are require in national security planning.
  • The Defence Planning Committee (DPC) has been establish to recommend policy measures for enhancing India’s defence capability and national security.
  • The DPC is overburden with multiple responsibilities and is currently an advisory body.
  • The appointment of the National Security Adviser (NSA) as the chair of the DPC has hindered the demand for a Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS).
  • There is a need to address the concerns regarding the DPC’s effectiveness and the appointment of a CDS for better coordination and strategic planning in national security.
FAQs Related to shortcomings in India’s national security architecture
Ques 1: What are some shortcomings in India’s national security architecture?

Answer: Some shortcomings include the lack of coordination among various agencies, inadequate intelligence sharing, and limited integration of military and civilian efforts.

Ques 2: How will the coordination among national security agencies be improve?

Answer: Enhancing inter-agency cooperation, establishing clear lines of communication, and promoting joint planning and training exercises can improve coordination.

Ques 3: What measures can address the shortcomings in India’s national security architecture?

Answer: Reforms such as creating a Chief of Defence Staff, strengthening intelligence gathering and analysis capabilities, and enhancing cybersecurity infrastructure can address the shortcomings.

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