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Ministry of Electronics and IT (Meity) will reopen the window for applying to its Rs 76,000 crore semiconductor manufacturing plan.

Why in news?

Ministry of Electronics and IT (Meity) will reopen the window for applying to its Rs 76,000 crore semiconductor manufacturing plan.

About Semiconductor

  • Semiconductors are the thumbnail-sized building blocks of almost every modern electronic device from smartphones to connected devices in the Internet of Things (IoT).
  • It contains millions of transistors packed onto a few millimeters of silicon.
  • Semiconductors allow electronics to function and operate, as well as make computations.
  • Semiconductors are highly complex products to design and manufacture. They require high level of investment in both R&D and capital expenditure.

The global semiconductor industry

  • The global semiconductor industry is currently valued at $500-$600 billion and caters to the global electronics industry.
  • Taiwan, accounts for 92% of the world’s most advanced semiconductor manufacturing capacity, while the Netherlands is the only country that produces chip-making machines.

Read also:- National Medical Devices Policy 2023


Here are some key points about the significance of silicon as a semiconductor:

  1. Widely Used in Electronic Devices: Silicon is the most commonly used semiconductor material in the electronics industry. It serves as the foundation for manufacturing various electronic components, including transistors, integrated circuits (ICs), diodes, and solar cells.
  2. Excellent Semiconductor Properties: Silicon possesses excellent semiconductor properties, such as its ability to conduct electricity under certain conditions while acting as an insulator under other conditions. This property allows for the control and manipulation of electric current in electronic devices.
  3. Compatibility with Integrated Circuit Technology: Silicon’s properties and characteristics make it highly compatible with integrated circuit (IC) fabrication processes. It can be easily doped with impurities to create p-type and n-type regions, forming the basis of the transistor and diode structures used in ICs.
  4. High Thermal Conductivity: Silicon exhibits high thermal conductivity, which enables effective dissipation of heat generated during operation. This is especially crucial for electronic devices that require efficient heat management to prevent overheating and ensure long-term reliability.
  5. Abundant and Cost-Effective: Silicon is the second most abundant element on Earth after oxygen. Its abundance and cost-effectiveness make it an attractive choice for large-scale production of semiconductor devices, contributing to the widespread availability and affordability of electronic products.
  6. Versatility and Scalability: Silicon-based semiconductor technology offers versatility and scalability, allowing for the development of complex and miniaturized electronic devices. The continuous advancements in silicon technology have enabled the miniaturization and integration of millions, or even billions, of transistors onto a single chip.
  7. Foundation for the Digital Revolution: Silicon-based semiconductor technology has been instrumental in driving the digital revolution. It has enabled the development of powerful and compact electronic devices, including computers, smartphones, tablets, and countless other digital technologies that have transformed various industries and everyday life.

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Particularly silicon, hold immense significance in the field of electronics and technology. Silicon’s excellent semiconductor properties, compatibility with integrated circuit technology, and cost-effectiveness have made it the foundation of modern electronic devices. Its abundance and scalability have contributed to the widespread availability and affordability of electronic products. The versatility of silicon-based semiconductor technology has driven the development of powerful and miniaturized devices, shaping the digital revolution and transforming various industries. As an essential component in electronic manufacturing, semiconductors continue to advance technological innovation and drive progress in the modern world.

Read also:- Bank of Baroda launches Electronic Bank Guarantee on its digital platform

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