Introduction: Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NHM).
Ministry/Department : Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
- The scheme is under implementation in all states and Union Territories (UTs), with a special focus on Low Performing States (LPS).
- Janani Suraksha Yojana was launched in April 2005 by modifying the National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS).
Objectives of Janani Suraksha Yojana
- Reduce maternal and neonatal mortality
- Promote institutional delivery among pregnant women who belong to weak socioeconomic statuses such as SC, ST and BPL categories.
Features of Janani Suraksha Yojana
- Janani Suraksha Yojana focuses on poor pregnant women in low performing states.
- Low performing states include Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Orissa.
- High performing states include all the states and union territories other than the low performing states.
- Pregnant women irrespective of any age and any number of children are eligible under JSY.
- Pregnant women who belong to BPL are entitled to receive cash assistance of Rs 500 for delivering at home regardless of age and number of children.
- It is a centrally sponsored scheme.
- Eligible pregnant women are entitled for cash assistance of Rs 1400 irrespective of the age of mother and number of children for giving birth in a government or accredited private health facility.
- It comes under National Health Mission.
- Financial assistance under JSY is available to all pregnant women in states that have low institutional delivery rates, namely, UP, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, MP, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Rajasthan, Odisha, and J&K. They are categorized as Low Performing States (LPS)
- In other states, JSY benefits are available to BPL women only.
Also Read : One District One Product (ODOP) Initiative?