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Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

According to a study by WHO, Jal Jeevan Mission would avert close to 4,00,000 deaths from diarrhea. Jal Jeevan Mission is envisions.

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According to a study by WHO, Jal Jeevan Mission would avert close to 4,00,000 deaths from diarrhea.


Jal Jeevan Mission is envisions to provide safe and adequate drinking water tap connection by 2024 to all households in rural India. A fully functional tap water connection is defined as a household getting at least 55 litres of per capita per day of potable water all through the year.


JJM focuses on integrated demand and supply side management of water at the local level.

It also includes creation of local infrastructure like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.

It will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives.

Funding Pattern

  • 50:50 between Centre and States 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States.
  • In case of UTS, 100% funding by the Central govt.


The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) holds significant importance for several reasons:

  1. Universal access to safe water: The mission aims to provide functional household tap connections (FHTCs) to every rural household in India, ensuring universal access to safe and adequate drinking water. This is a crucial step towards improving public health, reducing waterborne diseases, and ensuring a dignified and convenient water supply for all.
  2. Health and hygiene improvement: Access to safe drinking water is essential for maintaining proper hygiene and sanitation practices. By providing clean water to rural households, the JJM contributes to improving public health outcomes, reducing waterborne diseases, and promoting better hygiene practices, especially among women and children.
  3. Women empowerment: Women, especially in rural areas, often bear the responsibility of fetching water for their households. The JJM’s objective of providing tap connections directly to households can significantly reduce the burden on women, saving their time and energy. This can enable them to pursue education, livelihood opportunities, and other productive activities, contributing to their empowerment and overall socio-economic development.
  4. Economic development and productivity: Access to reliable and clean water supply is crucial for agriculture, livestock, and other economic activities in rural areas. The JJM’s focus on providing water for irrigation purposes can enhance agricultural productivity, boost rural livelihoods, and contribute to overall economic development.
  5. Water conservation and sustainability: The JJM promotes water conservation and sustainability by emphasizing local water sources, water treatment, and efficient management practices. It aims to create awareness about the judicious use of water and the importance of maintaining water sources, thereby ensuring long-term water availability and sustainability.
  6. Rural infrastructure development: The implementation of the JJM involves the creation of water supply infrastructure, such as storage tanks, treatment plants, pipelines, and distribution networks. This not only provides access to clean water but also contributes to the development of rural infrastructure, creating employment opportunities and enhancing the overall quality of life in rural areas.

Read also:- Jal Shakti Ministry plans a network of groundwater sensors to monitor quality, contamination levels 

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

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