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Recommendations On Centre-State Relations

Recommendations On Centre-State Relations

Administrative reforms commission:

  • Establishment of an Inter-state council under Article 263 of the constitution
  • Appointment of persons having long-experiences in public life and non-partisan attitudes as governors
  • Delegated maximum powers to the states
  • Transferring of more financial resources to the states to reduce their dependency upon the centre
  • Deployment of central armed forces in the states either on their request or otherwise
  • Rajamannar committee appointed by Tamil Nadu government made various recommendation to address the asymmetry between powers of centre and the state
  • Punjab through Anandpur Sahib resolution and West Bengal through a memorandum made similar recommendations to address these asymmetry
  • Government appointed Sarkaria Commission in 1983 and Punnchi Commission in 2007 to examine the status of centre-state relations

Sarkaria commission recommendation:

  • Setting up a permanent inter-state council
    • Article 356 should be used sparingly
    • Institution of all-India service should be strengthened
    • Residuary power should remain with the parliament
    • Reasons should be communicated to the state when state bills are vetoed by the President
    • Centre should have powers to deploy its armed forces, even without the consent of states. However, it is desirable that the states should be consult.
    • The constitution itself should prescribe the procedure of consulting the chief minister in the appointment of the state governor.
    • Allowing governors to serve their full five-year term is important.
    • Commissioner for linguistic minorities should be activated.

Punchhi commission recommendation

  • Giving a fixed term of five years to the governors and their removal by the process of impeachment
  • The Union should exercise great restraint in asserting Parliamentary supremacy in matters designated for the states.
  • It prescribed certain conditions that one should keep in mind while appointing governors:
    • He should be eminent in some walk of life
    • He should be a person from outside the state
    • He should be a detached figure and not connected with the local politics
    • He should not be connected with politics in recent past
  • Fixing the government’s tenure for five years is necessary.
  • The procedure provides for the impeachment of the President could also be extended to apply to the governor.
  • Governor should insist on Chief Minister proving his majority on the floor of the house for which he should prescribe a time-limit
  • Deciding cases related to President’s rule should consider the guidelines set by the Bommai case.
  • To enhance centre-state relations, authorities should increase the utilization of the Inter-State Council.

Recommendations On Centre-State Relations, Recommendations On Centre-State Relations

Read Also: Legislative Relations Between Centre and states

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