Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given the green light to the “Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana” under an umbrella scheme. This approval extends beyond the 12th five-year plan, covering the period from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
- The government of India introduced the green revolution Krishonnati Yojana in 2005 to boost the agriculture sector.
- Government through the scheme plans to develop the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic & scientific manner to increase the income of farmer.
- The scheme looks to enhance agricultural production, productivity and better returns on produce.
It comprises of 11 schemes and mission under a single umbrella scheme:
Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH):
- Our goal is to foster the overall growth of the horticulture sector, ensuring a holistic approach.
- We strive to boost horticulture production, improve nutritional security, and provide income support to farm households.
National Food Security Mission (NFSM):
- We’re dedicated to increasing the production of essential crops like rice, wheat, pulses, and commercial crops.
- Our mission involves expanding cultivation areas and enhancing productivity while also restoring soil fertility at the individual farm level.
- We aim to improve the farm-level economy and contribute to reducing the import of edible oils.
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA):
- Our focus is on promoting sustainable agriculture practices that suit specific agro-ecologies.
- We emphasize integrated farming, appropriate soil health management, and resource conservation technology for sustainable agriculture.
Submission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE):
- We are committed to achieving food and nutritional security and empowering farmers economically.
- Our strategy involves creating effective linkages among stakeholders and promoting the innovative use of media, interpersonal communication, and ICT tools.
Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP):
- Our aim is to increase the production of certified and quality seeds.
- We work on strengthening the seed multiplication chain, modernizing infrastructure, and promoting new technologies in seed production.
Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM):
- We strive to increase the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers.
- Our focus is on promoting ‘Custom Hiring Centers’ to address challenges arising from small landholdings.
- We aim to create hubs for high-tech farm equipment and raise awareness through demonstrations and capacity-building activities.
Sub-Mission on Plant Protection and Plant Quarantine (SMPPQ):
- We aim to minimize crop losses from pests, diseases, weeds, and other factors.
- Ensuring agricultural bio-security and facilitating exports by preventing the spread of alien species is a priority.
- We promote good agricultural practices, particularly in plant protection strategies.
Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics (ISACES):
- Our goal is to conduct agriculture census, study cultivation costs, and research agro-economic issues.
- We seek to enhance agricultural statistics methodology and establish an information system on crop conditions and production.
Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC):
- We provide financial assistance to improve cooperative economic conditions, reduce regional imbalances, and accelerate cooperative development.
- Our focus is on helping cotton growers get fair prices through value addition and ensuring the supply of quality yarn to weavers.
Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM):
- Our mission is to develop agricultural marketing infrastructure and promote innovative technologies.
- We provide facilities for grading, standardization, and quality certification of agricultural produce.
- The aim is to establish a nationwide marketing information network and an online platform for pan-India trade in agricultural commodities.
National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture (NeGP-A):
- We strive to make programs farmer-centric and service-oriented.
- Our focus is on improving farmers access to information and services throughout the crop cycle.
- By providing timely and relevant information, we aim to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of programs to increase agriculture productivity.
Benefits of the Scheme
- Our nation’s food security by boosting the production of essential staples such as rice, wheat, pulses, and coarse grains.
- We aim to identify and promote sustainable agricultural practices tailored to specific climates, with a focus on integrated farming for long-term success.
- Our scheme is committed to realizing the government’s vision of doubling farmers income by 2022, ensuring they receive the support they need to thrive.
- The scheme will provide a significant boost to agrarian infrastructure, including warehousing facilities, storehouses, watershed development, rural electrification, roads, markets, and more.
Challenges in the Scheme
- Many farmers struggle with the high cost of technology because they have small plots of land.
- Agriculture research in our country faces challenges because there aren’t enough resources, and there are complicated rules about regulations and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).
- Farmers rely heavily on agriculture because there aren’t enough jobs in other industries.
- It’s hard to find space to set up markets because there are strict rules about leasing land and acquiring land.
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