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Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana

Green Revolution

Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given the green light to the “Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana” under an umbrella scheme. This approval extends beyond the 12th five-year plan, covering the period from 2017-18 to 2019-20.

Krishonnati Yojana

  • The government of India introduced the green revolution Krishonnati Yojana in 2005 to boost the agriculture sector.
  • Government through the scheme plans to develop the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic & scientific manner to increase the income of farmer.
  • The scheme looks to enhance agricultural production, productivity and better returns on produce.

It comprises of 11 schemes and mission under a single umbrella scheme:

Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH):

  • Our goal is to foster the overall growth of the horticulture sector, ensuring a holistic approach.
  • We strive to boost horticulture production, improve nutritional security, and provide income support to farm households.

National Food Security Mission (NFSM):

  • We’re dedicated to increasing the production of essential crops like rice, wheat, pulses, and commercial crops.
  • Our mission involves expanding cultivation areas and enhancing productivity while also restoring soil fertility at the individual farm level.
  • We aim to improve the farm-level economy and contribute to reducing the import of edible oils.

National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA):

  • Our focus is on promoting sustainable agriculture practices that suit specific agro-ecologies.
  • We emphasize integrated farming, appropriate soil health management, and resource conservation technology for sustainable agriculture.

Submission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE):

  • We are committed to achieving food and nutritional security and empowering farmers economically.
  • Our strategy involves creating effective linkages among stakeholders and promoting the innovative use of media, interpersonal communication, and ICT tools.

Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP):

  • Our aim is to increase the production of certified and quality seeds.
  • We work on strengthening the seed multiplication chain, modernizing infrastructure, and promoting new technologies in seed production.

Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM):

  • We strive to increase the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers.
  • Our focus is on promoting ‘Custom Hiring Centers’ to address challenges arising from small landholdings.
  • We aim to create hubs for high-tech farm equipment and raise awareness through demonstrations and capacity-building activities.

Sub-Mission on Plant Protection and Plant Quarantine (SMPPQ):

  • We aim to minimize crop losses from pests, diseases, weeds, and other factors.
  • Ensuring agricultural bio-security and facilitating exports by preventing the spread of alien species is a priority.
  • We promote good agricultural practices, particularly in plant protection strategies.

Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics (ISACES):

  • Our goal is to conduct agriculture census, study cultivation costs, and research agro-economic issues.
  • We seek to enhance agricultural statistics methodology and establish an information system on crop conditions and production.

Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC):

  • We provide financial assistance to improve cooperative economic conditions, reduce regional imbalances, and accelerate cooperative development.
  • Our focus is on helping cotton growers get fair prices through value addition and ensuring the supply of quality yarn to weavers.

Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM):

  • Our mission is to develop agricultural marketing infrastructure and promote innovative technologies.
  • We provide facilities for grading, standardization, and quality certification of agricultural produce.
  • The aim is to establish a nationwide marketing information network and an online platform for pan-India trade in agricultural commodities.

National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture (NeGP-A):

  • We strive to make programs farmer-centric and service-oriented.
  • Our focus is on improving farmers access to information and services throughout the crop cycle.
  • By providing timely and relevant information, we aim to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of programs to increase agriculture productivity.

    Benefits of the Scheme

    • Our nation’s food security by boosting the production of essential staples such as rice, wheat, pulses, and coarse grains.
    • We aim to identify and promote sustainable agricultural practices tailored to specific climates, with a focus on integrated farming for long-term success.
    • Our scheme is committed to realizing the government’s vision of doubling farmers income by 2022, ensuring they receive the support they need to thrive.
    • The scheme will provide a significant boost to agrarian infrastructure, including warehousing facilities, storehouses, watershed development, rural electrification, roads, markets, and more.

    Challenges in the Scheme

    • Many farmers struggle with the high cost of technology because they have small plots of land.
    • Agriculture research in our country faces challenges because there aren’t enough resources, and there are complicated rules about regulations and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).
    • Farmers rely heavily on agriculture because there aren’t enough jobs in other industries.
    • It’s hard to find space to set up markets because there are strict rules about leasing land and acquiring land.

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