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Global Trends in Carbon Market Regulation

Carbon Market Regulation

Context: The acknowledgment of the unregulated nature of the voluntary carbon market is prompting governments worldwide to take action. Efforts are being made to establish regulations and policies to address this issue. India, among other nations, is taking steps to establish a structured carbon credit trading framework.

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Key Points:

Indian Initiatives:

Carbon Credit Trading Scheme: Introduced by the Union Power Ministry, this scheme establishes a National Steering Committee overseeing the Indian carbon market. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency administers it, and the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission regulates it.

Draft Green Credit Programme: Launched by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forest, it incentivizes eco-friendly activities, issuing “green credits” for positive environmental impacts. These credits will be domestically trade.

Both initiatives emphasize governance, administration, and technical standards for green and carbon credits.

Global Efforts:

Regulatory Moves Across Nations:

Honduras and Nigeria have imposed moratoriums or initiated plans to regulate the voluntary carbon market to ensure adherence to local regulations and link emission reductions to their climate commitments.

Rwanda aims to set a minimum price for carbon credits to prevent undervaluation.

Other countries like Zimbabwe, Egypt, Kenya, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia have introduced or are considering various regulations and moratoriums.

Regulation Priorities:

Transparency Imperative: Lack of transparency in project details, ownership rights, and benefit sharing in the voluntary carbon market needs addressing. Comprehensive project listings and credit price transparency are crucial.

Ensuring Real Impact: Aligning market objectives, distinguishing between voluntary, bilateral, or multilateral goals, and designing rules accordingly is essential. Focusing on renewable energy projects is critical for clean energy transitions.

Future Direction:

COP28 Discussion: The issue of regulating carbon markets is anticipated to be a significant topic at the upcoming UN Climate Conference in Dubai.

Learning and Improvement: The world leaders must learn from past mistakes. In the voluntary carbon market to prevent repetition in new market mechanisms designed for global transformation.

Addressing the loopholes in the voluntary carbon market demands enhanced transparency, clear objectives, and a focus on substantial environmental impact. Global discussions and shared learnings will be instrumental in shaping effective regulations for these crucial markets.

Read Also: Carbon Trading

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