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Global Startup Ecosystem Report 2023 (GSER 2023)

The report has been released by Startup Genome, a policy advisory and research organization. The Global Startup Ecosystem Report.


The report has been released by Startup Genome, a policy advisory and research organization.

About the report:

The Global Startup Ecosystem Report 2023 (GSER 2023) is an in-depth analysis of startup ecosystems worldwide. It provides insights into leading ecosystems, emerging trends, and challenges faced by entrepreneurs. GSER 2023 offers actionable recommendations for entrepreneurs, investors, policymakers, and stakeholders. 

Key insights from the report include:

  • Silicon Valley, New York City, and London maintains their top positions in the global startup ecosystem rankings.
  • Chinese ecosystems have experienced a decline in rankings, with Shenzhen, Beijing, and Shanghai dropping in the overall standings.
  • Indian ecosystems, particularly Mumbai, Bengaluru-Karnataka, and Delhi, have shown positive growth in the rankings.
  • Mumbai move 5 places up while Bengaluru was ranked 20th in terms of Startups.

What are Startups?

Startups are companies in their early stages of operation, founded by entrepreneurs aiming to meet demand with innovative products or services.

Status of Startups in India:

  • India has become the 3rd largest start-up ecosystem in the world after the US and China.
  • India is home to as many as 75,000 Startups.
  • Global Innovation Index: India has moved up from 81st (2015) to 46th in 2021 among 130 economies of the world.
  • Publications: Globally ranked 3rd (2021) from 6th in 2013 based on the National Science Foundation database.
  • Patents: Globally ranked 9th (2021) in terms of resident patent filing.

Outlining some common challenges faced by startups in India:

  • Lack of funding :

Limited access to venture capital, angel investors, and institutional funding can hinder their growth potential.

  • Regulatory hurdles:

Navigating complex regulatory frameworks, compliance requirements, and bureaucratic processes can be challenging for startups.

  • Talent acquisition and retention :

Startups must find creative ways to attract top talent and provide an environment that fosters growth and offers equity-based incentives.

  • Market competition :

Established companies and foreign competitors often have larger resources and market presence, making it difficult for startups to establish their brands, acquire customers, and differentiate themselves from competitors.

  • Infrastructure limitations :

Issues such as unreliable power supply, limited internet connectivity, and inadequate transportation systems can disrupt operations and impact productivity.

  • Limited access to mentorship and networking :

The lack of established support systems can hinder their ability to navigate challenges, learn from others’ experiences, and seize opportunities. 

  • Government’s Initiatives for Startups: 

National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations (NIDHI); Startup India Action Plan (SIAP); Ranking of States on Support to Startup Ecosystems (RSSSE); Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS); National Startup Awards; SCO Startup Forum; Prarambh.


Overall, the GSER 2023 provides a comprehensive overview of the global startup landscape, highlighting the success stories and challenges faced by different ecosystems around the world.

Read also:- Ecosystem

Global Startup Ecosystem Report 2023 (GSER 2023)

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