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10 Major Facts on Indian Constituent Assembly

Indian Constituent Assembly

Indian Constituent Assembly: The concept of a Constituent Assembly was initially put forth by M.N. Roy in 1934. However, the formal establishment of the Constituent Assembly occurred in 1946, following the Cabinet Mission Plan. In this article, we will delve into the historical significance and formation of the Constituent Assembly of India. For those interested, you can also access downloadable notes in PDF format through the provided link below.

  1. The Constituent Assembly of India, a group of elected representatives, was responsible for creating the country’s Constitution.
  2. This Assembly was established in 1946 after the Cabinet Mission Plan proposed its formation to draft India’s new Constitution.
  3. The Assembly consisted of 389 members, with 292 representing British Indian provinces and 93 from princely states.
  4. On December 9, 1946, the Constituent Assembly held its inaugural meeting, led by Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha, who served as the interim President.
  5. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the President of the Constituent Assembly on December 11, 1946, and he later became the first President of India, holding office until 1962.
  6. To draft the Constitution, the Constituent Assembly formed various committees, including the Drafting Committee, responsible for creating the Constitution’s actual text.
  7. Between December 1946 and November 1949, the Constituent Assembly conducted eleven sessions, engaging in discussions and debates on constitutional matters.
  8. The Constitution of India was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and it became effective on January 26, 1950, celebrated as Republic Day in India.
  9. At the time of its adoption, the Constitution of India was the world’s longest written constitution, comprising a preamble, 395 articles, divided into 22 parts, and 8 schedules.
  10. The Constituent Assembly of India played a pivotal role in shaping the democratic and secular foundations of the Republic of India. Many of its members went on to play significant roles in the country’s political and social development.

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