Demography is defined as the study of human populations and changes in the population owing to certain factors such as fertility, mortality, and migration.
Classification of Demography
There are mainly two types of demographics.
- Formal Demography
- Social demography
1.Formal Demography: It deals with quantitative aspects of the population.
2. Social demography: It deals with the population’s economic, political, and social aspects.
Uses of Demographic Information
- The data collections based on different Demographics types are vital for the analysts in the private and public sectors.
- Demography is an applied science.
- The collected and processed data are used for analysis, but recommendations such as migration policy, policies for eradicating poverty, family policy, etc., are made based on the demography analysis.
Indicators of Demographics
There are some important indicators of India Demographics. They are:
- Death Rate: The total death numbers in a given area during a time per 1000 population
- Birth Rate: The total number of live births in a given area during a time per 1000 people
- Growth Rate: It is determined by the gap between the birth rate and the death rate
- Fertility Rate: It is defined as the numeral live births per 1000 women in the bracket of child-bearing age
- Infant Mortality Rate: The numeral babies who died before reaching 1 year of age per 1000 live births
- Maternal Mortality: The numeral women who die at childbirth per 1 00,000 live births
- Life Expectancy: The estimated number of years a person is expected to live
- Sex Ratio: The total number of females per 1000 males in a specific region
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Also Read : Population: Boon or Bane