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France Celebrates Bastille Day

Context: Prime Minister will attend the French National Day (Bastille Day) celebrations as the Guest of Honour....

Context: Prime Minister will attend the French National Day (Bastille Day) celebrations as the Guest of Honour.

French Revolution : Quick Revision
What led to Bastille Day?
  • The decade-long French Revolution, associated with Bastille Day, altered French political and social life, influencing the foundational ideas of democracy worldwide and popularizing slogans such as “Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité” (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity).
  • Bastille is a 14th century fortress-prison in Paris that was used to incarcerate political prisoners.
  • Social and Economic issues:In the 1780s, the French economy was in dire state due to Crop failure and famine and the situation was unaffordable for a vast majority of people.
  • The French society was divided in three estates namely,  clergy (First Estate), the nobility (Second Estate) and the commoners (Third Estate).The ignorance towards the situation by King Louis XVI provoked the commoners (Third Estate). 
Fall of the Bastille
  • Symbolism and Discontent: The Bastille, located in Paris, represented the autocratic rule and abuse of power by the monarchy.
  • Rising Unrest: Dissatisfaction with King Louis XVI’s leadership grew, and on July 14, 1789, Parisians gathered at the Bastille.
  • Demands and Confrontation: The crowd demanded the release of political prisoners and access to the fortress’s weapons. The Governor refused, leading to a violent clash.
  • Storming of the Bastille: After hours of fighting, the fortress fell as the people of Paris overwhelmed its defenders.
Significance of Bastille Day
  • Bastille Day, celebrated on July 14th, commemorates the French Revolution and the storming of the Bastille prison in 1789.
  • It symbolizes the birth of modern France, representing the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity.
  • Parades, fireworks, and cultural events mark the day throughout France.
  • It is an occasion to honor French history, culture, and the principles of democracy and human rights.
Global Importance of the Event
  • Inspiring Other Nations: The fall of the Bastille became an inspiration for other nations to fight for their own rights and freedom.
  • Spreading Revolutionary Ideals: The French Revolution’s principles resonated globally, influencing subsequent revolutionary movements throughout history.
  • Rise of Democracy: The revolution’s emphasis on individual rights, democratic governance, and social equality has significantly shaped the political and social landscape worldwide.
FAQs Related with Bastille Day
Ques 1: What is Bastille Day?

Answer : Bastille Day, also known as French National Day, is a national holiday in France commemorating the French Revolution and the storming of the Bastille prison on July 14, 1789.

Ques 2: Why is Bastille Day significant?

Answer: This day holds historical and cultural significance as it symbolizes the birth of modern France and represents the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity.

Ques 3: How is Bastille Day celebrated?

Answer: Various events including parades, fireworks, public gatherings, cultural activities, and military displays celebrate Bastille Day. It is a day for people to come together, enjoy festivities, and honor French history and values.

France Celebrates Bastille Day,France Celebrates Bastille Day

Read Also : Gujarat Prevention Of Anti-Social Activities Act, 1985

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