State PCS

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Bihar Public Service


Bihar Public Service Commission Syllabus

BPSC Syllabus is set by the Bihar Public Service Commission. The commission is constitutionally mandated to assist the Bihar state government in matters of recruitment, transfer and disciplinary matters.

The BPSC Exam (Combined Competitive Exam) is held in three stages:

  • Prelims – 1 objective type paper for 150 marks
  • Mains – 4 descriptive papers (1 qualifying + 3 merit ranking)
  • Interview – 120 marks

The Bihar PSC exam is modelled loosely on the IAS exam which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.

Syllabus for BPSC in detail is given below.

BPSC Prelims Syllabus

The Prelims is the screening stage before the BPSC Mains. The marks in Prelims will not be taken into consideration for the final merit list.

Prelims Exam Syllabus and Pattern for BPSC  is:

BPSC Syllabus
  • General Science
  • Events of national and international importance
  • History of Bihar and Indian History
  • Geography
  • Geography of Bihar
  • Indian Polity and Economy
  • Changes in the economy of Bihar post-independence
  • Indian National Movement and the Role of Bihar
  • General Mental Ability

Few points to note regarding BPSC Syllabus for Prelims:

• The questions on Science and Tech will be such that they do not require subject specialization.

• Under History, candidates also need to focus on the economic, political and social aspects.

• In both History and Geography, candidates have to prepare the history and geography of Bihar as well.

• Under Geography, questions will also be based on the social and economic geography of Bihar and India, including Indian agriculture and the use of natural resources.

Under the Indian Economy and Polity, the questions will cover the following topics:

Indian Political System

Panchayati Raj

Community Development

Planning in India and Bihar

Under the Indian National Movement, candidates have to focus on the resurgence in the 19th century, nature and growth of nationalism in India, and India’s independence. Also, the role of Bihar in the Indian National Movement is important from the BPSC exam point of view.

BPSC Mains Syllabus

Candidates who clear the Prelims stage will be eligible for BPSC Mains. Approximately, the number of candidates selected for Mains will be equal to 10 times the total number of vacancies. BPSC 64th CCE Mains result was out on 16th July 2020. To check the BPSC Result, you can click the linked article.

The BPSC Mains Exam Syllabus and Pattern is

Name of Exam- Combined Competitive Exam (Mains)
Conducting Body- Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC)

Duration- 3 hours each
No of Papers- 4

  1. General Hindi – Qualifying Paper
  2. General Studies 1 (300 marks)
  3. General Studies 2 (300 marks)
  4. Optional Subject (300 marks)

BPSC Syllabus General Hindi (Secondary Level)

  • Grammar – 30 marks
  • Syntax – 25 marks
  • Precis/Summary – 15 marks
The GS 1 and GS 2 BPSC syllabus are given below

The Hindi paper is only a qualifying paper with minimum passing criteria of 30 marks (out of 100). The marks in Hindi will not be counted for the overall merit.

The BPSC Syllabus for GS 1 will include:

1 – Modern Indian History (and Bihar) – mid 19th century onwards

2 – Important personalities – Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and Rabindranath Tagore

3 – Western Education and Technical Education in Bihar

4 – Role of Bihar in the Indian National Movement

5 – Santhal uprising

6 – 1857 war of independence

7 – Champaran Satyagraha

8 – Quit India Movement 1942

9 – Mauryan and Pal Art

10 – Patna Kalam Paintings

11 – Analysis of graphical/diagrammatical/statistical data

In BPSC Mains, candidates have to select one optional subject out of 34 choices. There will be only one optional subject exam for 300 marks, and the questions will be of Honours Level (3-year course in Patna University) The choices are given below. The syllabus for optional subjects can be viewed in the BPSC Syllabus PDF.

Optional Subjects in BPSC Syllabus are:

1 – English Language and Literature

2 – Urdu Language and Literature

3 – Hindi Language and Literature

4 – Persian Language and Literature

5 – Arabic Language and Literature

6 – Pali Language and Literature


13. Agriculture

14. Statistics

15. Botany

16. Zoology

17. Philosophy

18. Political Science and International Relations


25. Geography

26. Geology

27. History

28. Law

29. Civil Engineering

30. Economics

7. Maithili Language and Literature

8. Bengali Language and Literature

9. Sanskrit Language and Literature

10. Chemistry

11. Sociology

12. Physics


19. Psychology

20. Public Administration

21. Labour and Social Welfare

22. Management

23. Mathematics

24. Mechanical Engineering


31. Commerce and Accountancy

32. Electrical Engineering

33. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

34. Anthropology

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