State PCS

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Environment & Ecology

Environment & Ecology

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BASIC CONCEPTS OF ECOSYSTEM

  • Environment- Meaning, Components
    • Scope Of Environmental Science
    • Importance Of Environmental Science
    • Components Of Environment
  • Biosphere, Habitat, Biome
    • Biosphere
    • Organizational Structure Of Biosphere
    • Importance Of Biosphere
    • Biome
    • Types Of Biomes
  • Ecosystem-Types, Components
  • Ecology, Levels Of Organisation, Principles Of Ecology
  • Ecotone, Ecological Niche
  • Functions Of Ecosystem
  • Energy Flow
  • Trophic Level, Food Chain, Food Web
  • Ecological Pyramid- Meaning ,Types
  • Bioaccumulation & Biomagnification
  • Biotic Interaction
  • Nutrient Cycling- Gaseous And Sedimentary Cycles

UNIQUE ECOSYSTEMS- DEGRADATION
AND MANAGEMENT

  • Wetland Ecosystem
  • Mangrove Ecosystem
    • Adaptation Mechanism Of Mangroves
    • Distribution Of Mangroves
    • Importance Of Mangroves
    • THREATS TO MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM
    • Need For Conserving Mangroves
    • Conservation Of Mangroves
    • Mangroves Conservation And Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
  • Coral Ecosystem
    • Coral Reef Ecosystems
    • Types Of Coral Reefs
    • Coral Characteristics
    • DISTRIBUTION OF CORAL REEF
    • Threats To Coral Reef Ecosystems
    • Benefits Of Coral Reef Ecosystems
    • Coral Bleaching
  • Ozone Depletion and Protection

BIODIVERSITY

  • IMPORTANCE OF BIODIVERSITY
  • TYPES OF BIODIVERSITY
  • MEASUREMENT OF BIODIVERSITY
  • LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY
  • Reasons For Loss Of Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity Hotspots – 2 Main Qualifying Criteria
  • Biodiversity Hotspot In India
  • Objectives And Advantages Of Biodiversity Conservation
  • Ex Situ Conservation
  • In Situ Conservation
  • Agro-biodiversity Conservation
  • Biosphere Reserve (BR)
  • Convention Of Biological Diversity
  • Projects To Save Threatened Species

ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION
AND CONTROL

  • Environment Pollution- Introduction, Types And Sources
  • Air Pollution
    • What Is Pollution?
    • Source Of Air Pollution
    • EFFECTS ON VARIOUS COMPONENTS OF ECOSYSTEM
    • Various Reports On Effect Of Air Pollution
    • Control Devices
  • Water Pollution
    • Water Pollution And Associated Issues
  • Waste Management
    • Solid-Waste Management
    • Plastic Waste Management
    • E- Waste Management
    • Bio Medical Waste
  • CLIMATE CHANGE AND ASSOCIATED ISSUES

CLIMATE CHANGE AND
ASSOCIATED ISSUES

ENVIRONMENT DEGRADATION
AND ISSUES

  • Forest Ecosystem
    • Natural Vegetation of India
    • Classification of Natural Vegetation of India
    • Forest Conservation
    • Forest Policy and Laws for Forest Conservation
    • Governmental Institutions for Forest Conservation
  • Deforestation And Forest Degradation
  • Land Degradation
  • Desertification

MINING AND ENVIRONMENT
ISSUES

ENVIRONMENT IMPACT
ASSESSMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE- NATIONAL LEGISLATION

INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS

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