Context: UN-Water Scarcity A global study published recently showed that 58 per cent of people from 31 countries are seriously concerned about freshwater shortages, whereas 30 per cent claim to be greatly impacted by it.
- UN-Water is a ‘coordination mechanism’.
- It coordinates the United Nations’ work on water and sanitation.
- There is no single United Nations Agency, Fund or Programme dedicated exclusively to water issues.
- Over 30 United Nations organizations carry out water and sanitation programmes because these issues run through all of the United Nations’ main focus areas.
Composition: It is comprised of United Nations entities (Members) and international organizations (Partners) working on water and sanitation issues.
Objective: UN-Water’s role is to ensure that Members and Partners ‘deliver as one’ in response to water-related challenges.
UN-Water has three lines of work:
- Informing policy processes and addressing emerging issues
- Supporting monitoring and reporting on water and sanitation
- Building knowledge and inspiring people to act
Members and Partners:-
- All activities outlined in UN-Water’s Work Programme are primarily implemented through its Members and Partners.
- UN-Water’s Members: are United Nations agencies, programmes and funds with a water-related mandate.
- UN-Water’s Partners: are international organizations, professional unions, associations or other civil society groups that are actively involved in water.