Tropical Thorn forest trees include the ber tree, wild date palm, Babool tree, neem, Khejri, etc. are some important. India consists of about 7,12,249 sq. km. of the area which is covered with forests, of which about 16,491 sq km consist of tropical thorn forests.
Tropical thorn forests of India are situated in the areas of southwest Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and also in parts of Uttar Pradesh.
Characteristics of Thorn Forests
- Thorn Forests and Scrubs are prevalent in areas with less than 70cm of rainfall. The humidity level is less than 50%.
- The average temperature is between 25° and 30° C.
- Thorn woods, which are common in dry places, receive relatively little rainfall.
- The trees are short (6 to 10 meters tall at most) and widely dispersed.
- These woodlands are covered in prickly trees and plants. Acacias and Euphorbias are abundant.
- The Indian wild date is widely available. Some grasses grow during the wet season as well.
- The thick and tiny leaves of the trees and bushes discovered serve to minimize evaporation.
- For the most portion of the year, the plants are leafless and dispersed.
- The average length of the trees runs from 6 to 10 meters, which is short when compared to other types of vegetation or woods.
Trees found in Thorn Forest
Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs
One of the most dominant types of forests is tropical thorn forests, which experience an average rainfall of less than 70 cm these types of vegetation are mostly found in semi-arid regions of India like Rajasthan, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, and Deccan plateau in drier areas.
Also Read : Littoral and Swamp Forests