The line between India and China

Context:-The United States recognizes the McMahon Line as the international boundary between China and India in Arunachal Pradesh.

  • The bipartisan resolution introduced in the upper chamber of Congress reaffirms that Arunachal Pradesh is an integral part of India.
  • McMahon Line – The McMahon Line serves as the de facto boundary between China and India in the Eastern Sector.
  • It specifically represents the boundary between Arunachal Pradesh and Tibet, from Bhutan in the west to Myanmar in the east.
  • China has historically disputed the boundary and claims the state of Arunachal Pradesh as part of the Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR).
    • India’s stand: India recognises Simla Convention (1914) and Arunachal is controlled by India.
    • China’s position: China calls Arunachal Pradesh as ‘Zangnan’ and refers to ‘South Tibet’.
  • History of McMahon Line – It is named after Sir Henry McMahon, foreign secretary of British India, who drew the line.
  • McMahon line is an 890-km border drew between British India and Tibet.
  • It was drawn at the 1914 Simla Convention between the Great Britain, China, and Tibet.
  • The border was drawn largely along the crest of the Himalayas, following the ‘highest watershed principle’.
  • The People’s Republic of China occupied Tibet in the 1950s, never recognized the McMahon Line.
  • Further China claims approximately 90,000 sq. km of territory in Arunachal Pradesh of India as its own.
  • The McMahon Line is in alignment with the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the Eastern Sector.

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