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Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose, born January 1, 1894, and passing away February 4, 1974, was an eminent Indian mathematician and physicist. He collaborated with Albert Einstein to develop a theory on the gas-like behaviors of electromagnetic radiation.

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About Satyendra Nath Bose

  • Satyendra Nath Bose was born on January 1, 1894, in the vibrant city of Calcutta. His father, Surendranath Bose, worked in the Engineering Department of the East India Railway.
  • Satyendra Nath Bose, a physics luminary, made groundbreaking contributions to Quantum Physics, particularly through his work on the “Bose-Einstein Theory,” which identified a class of particles named Bosons in his honor.
  • He received his early education at Hindu High School in Calcutta, showing remarkable academic promise.
  • Bose excelled academically, securing the top position in the ISc examination in 1911 at Presidency College, Calcutta. He continued his studies there, earning his BSc in Mathematics in 1913 and his MSc in Mixed Mathematics in 1915.
  • Bose moved to Dhaka University in 1921, serving as a Reader in the Department of Physics. His work gained significant attention in 1924 with the publication of his seminal work, “Max Planck’s Law and Light Quantum Hypothesis“.
  • Albert Einstein was so impressed by Bose’s work that he translated the article into German himself and arranged for its publication in the prestigious journal ‘Zeitschrift fur Physik,’ introducing the world to the “Bose-Einstein Theory“.
  • Despite not completing his doctorate, Bose’s reputation earned him a professorship at Dhaka University in 1926, recommended by Albert Einstein.
  • Bose’s remarkable career earned him numerous accolades, including appointment as an Emeritus Professor by Calcutta University upon his retirement in 1956. Later, he served as Vice Chancellor at Viswabharati University.
  • In 1958, the Royal Society, London, elected him as a Fellow, and the Indian Government awarded him the prestigious ‘Padmabhusan‘ in recognition of his exceptional achievements.
  • Satyendra Nath Bose passed away on February 4, 1974, in Kolkata, leaving behind a legacy of pioneering contributions to the world of physics.


Satyendra Nath Bose, the celebrated Indian theoretical physicist, is best known for his groundbreaking contributions to quantum mechanics. Back in 1924, he delved into the realm of the theory of relativity and managed to formulate Planck’s quantum radiation law in a paper that completely sidestepped classical physics. This remarkable paper didn’t just make waves; it laid the groundwork for an entirely new field called quantum statistics. Moreover, it led to the christening of particles with integer spin as “Bosons,” a name bestowed upon them by none other than Paul Dirac, who wanted to pay homage to Bose’s remarkable insights. Bosons, as we now know them, are particles that play by the rules of Bose-Einstein statistics.

Bose-Einstein Theory

Awards and Honours

  • In 1937, Rabindranath Tagore dedicated his only scientific work, “Visva-Parichay“, to Satyendra Nath Bose.
  • In 1954, the Indian government honored Satyendra Nath Bose with the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian award.
  • In 1959, Bose reached the pinnacle of scholarly recognition when the Indian government appointed him as the National Professor, a prestigious position he held for 15 years.
  • To commemorate his contributions, the SN Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences was established in Kolkata in 1986.
  • Known as the “Father of the God Particle,” Satyendra Nath Bose earned this title in a July 2012 article published in The New York Times.

Read Also: Subhash Chandra Bose

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