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Samagra Shiksha Scheme

Samagra Shiksha Scheme

Samagra Shiksha is an overarching programme for the school education sector extending from pre-school to class 12. The scheme, launched in 2018, aims to enhance school effectiveness by ensuring equal opportunities for schooling and equitable learning outcomes. It brings together three existing schemes: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), and Teacher Education (TE).


The major objectives of the Scheme are:

  • Support States and UTs in implementing the recommendations of the National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020).
  • Support States in implementation of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009;
  • Focus on Early Childhood Care and Education.
  • Emphasis on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy.
  • Thrust on Holistic, Integrated, Inclusive and activity based Curriculum and Pedagogy to impart 21st century skills among the students.
  • Provision of quality education and enhancing learning outcomes of students;
  • Bridging Social and Gender Gaps in School Education;
  • Ensuring equity and inclusion at all levels of school education;
  • Strengthening and up-gradation of State Councils for Educational Research and Training (SCERTs)/State Institutes of Education and District Institutes for Education and Training (DIET) as a nodal agency for teacher training.
  • Ensuring safe, secure and conducive learning environment and minimum standards in schooling provisions;
  • Promoting vocationalisation of education.

    Major Features of Samagra Shiksha

    Education for All Ages:

    • Education is seen as a journey from preschool to twelfth grade, with a unified approach across all levels.
    • Efforts are made to introduce pre-primary education and extend support to senior secondary levels for the first time.

    Streamlined Administration:

    • A single administrative structure is proposed for efficient implementation.
    • States are given flexibility to prioritize interventions while viewing the education system as a seamless continuum.

    Increased Funding:

    • Budgets are boosted with a focus on improving learning outcomes.
    • Grants are allocated based on performance and efforts to enhance quality.

    Emphasis on Quality:

    • Prioritizing learning outcomes involves extensive teacher training and strengthening educational institutions.
    • Schools actively support libraries, emphasizing teacher capacity building and integrating technology.

    Digital Education Focus:

    • Consolidating schools with the goal of improving quality, as well as enhancing infrastructure such as transportation and cleanliness, aims to create more efficient and welcoming environments for students.

    Strengthening Schools:

    • Consolidating schools to improve quality and enhancing infrastructure, including transportation and cleanliness, aim to make schools more efficient and welcoming for students.

    Empowering Girls:

    • Initiatives focus on empowering girls through education, including self-defense training and stipends.

    Inclusive Education:

    • We’re taking measures to ensure inclusion by providing uniforms, textbooks, and support for children with specific needs.

    Skill Development:

    • We integrate vocational skills into the curriculum from an early age, prioritizing practical training and ensuring relevance to industry needs.

    Sports and Physical Education:

    • Sports education becomes a core part of the curriculum, with schools receiving equipment to promote physical activity.

    Regional Development Focus:

    • We aim to balance educational development across regions, with a particular focus on underprivileged areas and aspirational districts.


    The major interventions, across all levels of school education, proposed under the scheme are:

      • Universal Access including Infrastructure Development and Retention.
      • Foundational Literacy and Numeracy.
      • Gender and Equity.
      • Inclusive Education.
      • Quality and Innovation.
      • Financial support for Teacher Salary.
      • Digital initiatives.
      • RTE Entitlements including uniforms, textbooks etc.
      • Support for ECCE
      • Vocational Education
      • Sports and Physical Education
      • Strengthening of Teacher Education and Training
      • Monitoring
      • Programme Management; and
      • National Component.

      Status of the Scheme

      The program that began back in 2018 will now continue until March 31, 2026, with a significant financial commitment of Rs.2,94,283.04 crore. This includes a substantial portion of Rs.1,85,398.32 crore from the central government.

      Read Also: Pradhan Mantri Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan

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