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Performance Grading Index and PGI 2.0

Ministry of Education releases report on Performance Grading Index 2.0 for States/UTs for the year 2021-22. Performance Grading Index.


Ministry of Education releases report on Performance Grading Index 2.0 for States/UTs for the year 2021-22.

  • Performance Grading Index (PGI) measures the performance of states/UTs in school education.
  • Launched – In 2017-18 and so far, has been released up to the year 2020-21.
  • PGI 2.0 – In order to align with the National Education Policy, 2020, and to monitor indicators related to Goal 4 of SDG, and to replace existing indicators that have achieved the optimal target, the PGI has been revised and renamed as PGI 2.0.

Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG4) adopted by India in 2015 seeks to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all by 2030.

  • Aim – To assess the relative performance of all the State/UTs in a uniform scale to encourage State/UTs to perform better.
  • Ministry – Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSE&L), Ministry of Education.
  • The PGI 2.0 is completely aligned with Unified District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE +), National Achievement Survey (NAS), PM POSHAN portal, PRABAND portal and Vidyanjali Portal data Outcomes.
  • Categories – The PGI 2.0 is constructed based on 73 indicators grouped in to 2 Categories viz, Outcomes and Governance & Management.
  • It further contains 6 domains.
  • PGI-D grades the State/UT into 10 grades – Daksh, Utkarsh, Ati-Uttam, Uttam, Prachesta-1, Prachesta-2, Prachesta-3, Akanshi-1, Akanshi-2, Akanshi-3.
    • Highest achievable Grade – Daksh (Districts scoring more than 90% of the total points in that category or overall).
    • Lowest grade – Akanshi-3 (scores upto 10% of the total points)
  • None of the States/UTs has attained the highest Grade i.e., Daksh.
  • The top-most grade attained in PGI 2.0 is Prachesta – 2 by Punjab and Chandigarh.

Reasons for PGI 2.0:

  • Previous PGI versions outdated and redundant.
  • PGI 2.0 aligns with NEP 2020 and tracks SDG-related indicators.
  • Emphasizes quality indicators, integrates digital initiatives, and addresses teacher education.
  • Utilizes UDISE+ data for improved uniformity and comparability.

Structure of PGI 2.0:

  • PGI 2.0 includes 73 indicators, categorized into Outcomes and Governance Management (GM).
  • These are further divided into six domains: Learning Outcomes (LO), Access (A), Infrastructure & Facilities (IF), Equity (E), Governance Process (GP), and Teachers Education and Training (TE&T).

Grading System:

  • PGI 2.0 classifies States/UTs into ten grades.
  • The highest attainable grade is Daksh, conferred upon those scoring over 940 points out of a total of 1000.
  • The lowest grade is Akanshi-3, assigned to those scoring up to 460 points.

Objectives of PGI 2.0:

  • Aims to encourage multi-pronged interventions for optimal education outcomes.
  • Facilitates gap identification and prioritizes intervention areas in the school education system.
  • Indicators aligned with NEP 2020 and policy initiatives for effective progress tracking.

Efficacy of PGI 2.0:

  • PGI 2.0 scores and grades achieved by States/UTs in 2021-22 illustrate system effectiveness.
  • Indicator-wise scores emphasize areas for improvement within each State/UT.

Key highlights

  • The Ministry of Education unveils Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2.0 for States/UTs in 2021-22.
  • PGI 2.0 supersedes previous versions, focusing on qualitative assessment, digital initiatives, and teacher education.
  • Comprising 73 indicators, categorized as Outcomes and Governance Management.
  • States/UTs are graded into ten levels, with Daksh as the highest and Akanshi-3 as the lowest.
  • Aligned with the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, PGI 2.0 aims to enhance education outcomes and pinpoint areas for intervention.
  • The release underscores the system’s effectiveness in assessing and enhancing the education system.

Findings of PGI 2021-22

  • Top-performing states and union territories: Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Delhi, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, in the 641-700 point range.
  • Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, and Mizoram ranked the lowest in the PGI report, in the 401-460 point range.
  • Delhi achieved the highest category (941-1000) for both access and equity.


  • PGI 2.0’s ultimate goal is to drive States & UTs towards implementing comprehensive interventions to improve education outcomes across all dimensions.
  • Indicators aligned with NEP 2020: PGI 2.0 indicators are aligned with post-NEP 2020 policy initiatives for effective progress tracking.
  • PGI 2.0 assists States and UTs in identifying gaps and prioritizing interventions to strengthen the school education system at all levels.

Here are the top 10 best performing states according to PGI 2021-22.

Sl NoStatePoints
7.Tamil Nadu590.4

FAQs about Performance Grading Index

Q: What is the Performance Grading Index (PGI)?

A: The Performance Grading Index (PGI) is a tool developed by the Ministry of Education in India to assess the performance of states and union territories (UTs) in the field of school education. It measures the relative performance of different states and UTs using a uniform scale and encourages them to improve their educational outcomes.

Q: What is the purpose of PGI 2.0?

A: PGI 2.0 is the revised version of the Performance Grading Index, which has been updated to align with the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 and monitor indicators related to Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG4). The new version aims to replace existing indicators that have achieved their target and provides a comprehensive assessment of educational outcomes and governance in states and UTs.

Q: What are the domains covered in PGI 2.0?

A: PGI 2.0 consists of six domains, namely: (1) Pre-schooling and Early Childhood Education, (2) Access, Infrastructure, and Equity, (3) Learning Outcomes, (4) Teachers, (5) School Processes and Practices, and (6) Governance Processes.

Q: How are states and UTs graded in PGI 2.0?

A: The grading in PGI 2.0 is based on a scale of 10 grades. The highest achievable grade is “Daksh,” which is awarded to districts scoring over 90% of the total points in a category or overall. The lowest grade is “Akanshi-3,” which is given to districts scoring up to 10% of the total points.

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