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Multipurpose Projects in India

Multipurpose project is the scientific management of water resources in the country. A multipurpose project is a massive project.....

Multipurpose project is the scientific management of water resources in the country. A multipurpose project is a massive project which serves a variety of purposes like- flood control, fish breeding, irrigation, generation of electricity, soil conservation, etc. whereas, the hydropower projects are those related to providing only electricity mainly.

Multipurpose Projects in India: NCERT Test Series for upsc
Objectives or Advantages of Multipurpose Project:
  • Generation of Power
  • Flood Control
  • Soil Conservation
  • Irrigation
  • Afforestation
  • Water Navigation
  • Fisheries
  • Tourist Centres
Disadvantages of Multi-purpose Projects:
  • Fertile agricultural land submerged under the river water.
  • Forest land are either cleared or submerged under water. It is great loss for environment.
  • Large no. of people are displaced. They have to leave their own houses and properties.
  • Siltation in the dam reduces the lifespan of the project.
  • Big Multipurpose projects can result into minor earthquakes.
Multi-Purpose ProjectsRiverPlace
Salal ProjectChenabJ&K
Dulhasti ProjectChenabJ&K
Nathpa Jhakri ProjectSutlejHP
Bhakhra NangalSutlejReservoir  Govind SagarHP  Serves Punjab & Haryana
Tehri Dam ProjectBhagirathi & BhilanganaUttarakhand
Kosi Dam ProjectKosiNepal  Serves India & Nepal
Damodar ValleyDamodarWest Bengal, Bihar & Jharkhand
Farakka ProjectBhagirathi-HooglyWB
Mayurakshi ProjectMayurakshi → tributary of Hughli rises from CNPWB
Tilaiya ProjectBarakar  Part of Damodar valley projectJharkhand
Chambal ProjectChambal – Dams: Gandhi Sagar (MP), Rana Pratap Sagar (Rawatbhata, Kota) & Jawahar Sagar (Kota)Rajasthan  Serves MP & Rajasthan
Mahi ProjectMahi (also known as Jamnalal Bajaj Sagar project)Banswara, Rajasthan
Rihand (Goving Ballabh Pant Sagar)Rihand River  tributary of Son River Reservoir  Govind Ballabh Pant SagarPipri, Uttar Pradesh
Rajghat Dam ProjectBetwa riverJV b/w MP & UP Gov.
Tawa ProjectTawa  a tributary of NarmadaMP
Ukai ProjectTapiGujrat
Kakrapara ProjectTapiGujrat
Hirakud Dam ProjectMahanadiOrissa
Machkund ProjectMachkund River – a tributary of Godavari riverOrissa & Andhra Pradesh
Poochampad ProjectGodavari (also known as Sri Rama Sagar Project)lifeline of Telangana
Polavaram ProjectGodavariAP
Nagarjuna Sagar ProjectKrishnaAndhra Pradesh &Telangana
Koyna ProjectKoyna, a tributary of the Krishna RiverMaharashtra
SrisailamKrishnaAndhra Pradesh
Tungabhadra ProjectTungabhadra River – a tributary of the Krishna RiverKarnataka – Serves AP & Karnataka
Sharavati ProjectSharavati – westward flowing riverKarnataka
Krishna Raja Sagar ProjectKaveriKarnataka
Shivasamundram ProjectKaveri (Electricity to Kolar goldmines)Karnataka
Mettur ProjectKaveriTN
Idukki ProjectPeriyar & CheruthonyKerala
Umiam ProjectUmiamShillong (Meghalaya)
Damodar Valley Project
  • 1st multipurpose river valley project of independent India based on Tennessy project of USA
  • Consist of following sub projects viz.
  • Maithon Dam
  • Panchet Dam
  • Tilaiya Dam
  • Kangsabati Dam
  • Konar Dam
Beas Project
  • A joint venture of the gov. of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan.
  • It consists of two units: (i) Beas-Sutlej Link and (ii) Beas Dam at Pong.
  • Beas-Sutlej Link  for diverting some water of river Beas into Satluj through two tunnels and an open channel to generate power and to increase the storage capacity of Bhakra reservoir (Gobindsagar)
  • The Pong Dam, also known as the Beas Dam, on the Beas River in Himachal Pradesh, India.
Rajasthan (Indira Gandhi) Canal Project
  • Starts from the Harike Barrage at Sultanpur, a few kilometers below the confluence of the Sutlej and Beas rivers in Punjab state.
  • An irrigation project to provide irrigation to semi-arid and arid areas of Rajasthan.
Narmada Valley Project
  • Also known as Indirasagar Dam multipurpose project
  • Downstream projects are Omkareshwar, Maheshwar and Sardar Sarovar Project

River Interlinking Program India

The National Water Development Agency has already identified 14 links under the Himalayan Component and 16 under the one for Peninsular Rivers with priority to top 5 projects viz. Interlinking of Rivers are

  • Ken-Betwa
  • Parbati – Kalisindh – Chambal
  • Damanganga – Pinjal
  • Par – Tapi – Narmada
  • Godavari (Polavaram) – Krishna (Vijayawada)
The Himalayan Interlinking Rivers – 14
The Peninsular Interlinking Rivers – 16
Objectives of River Interlinking Project
  • To diminish water scarcity in western and peninsular India
  • To help in irrigation and storage as a large part of Indian agriculture is rainfall dependent.
  • To mitigate droughts and floods
  • To reduce diversity between the water surplus and water scarce parts of India
  • Will create employment.
  • Will help in socio – economic development of people.

Multipurpose Projects in India

Read Also : National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries In India

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