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Schemes under Ministry of Defence

Ministry of Defence

One Rank, One Pension (OROP) Scheme

One Rank One Pension (OROP) scheme, frequently highlighted in the news, holds significant importance within the realms of the Indian armed forces welfare. It serves as a crucial subject for the polity, governance, security, and social issues segments of the UPSC syllabus. This article delves into the origins and intricacies of the government’s OROP initiative, providing comprehensive insights into its framework and implications.

Salient Features

  • The One Rank One Pension (OROP) scheme encompasses retired personnel from all branches of the armed forces: Army, Navy, and Air Force.
  • Its primary objective is to minimize the gap in pension benefits between those who retired before a specific date and those who retired afterward.
  • The scheme guarantees that individuals who retired at the same rank and served for a similar duration receive identical pension amounts, regardless of their retirement dates, ensuring fairness and equality among retired personnel.
  • Periodic reviews and revisions of pension amounts are conducted approximately every five years. This practice aims to align pension payments with current salary structures and inflation rates, ensuring that retired armed forces members receive a pension that retains its value over time.
  • Arrears resulting from revised pension calculations are disbursed in a lump sum, covering the duration from the date of retirement to the implementation of the OROP Scheme.

Aim and Objectives

  • Ensure equality and fairness in pension benefits for retired armed forces personnel.
  • Address disparities in pension payments resulting from varying retirement dates.
  • Guarantee that all veterans receive appropriate pensions according to their rank and years of service.
  • Recognize and honor the sacrifices and contributions of armed forces personnel by providing sufficient financial support during retirement.

Eligibility or Beneficiaries

  • The OROP Scheme extends eligibility to retired armed forces personnel from the Army, Navy, and Air Force.
  • Eligibility is based on retiring with the same rank and serving for the same duration, irrespective of retirement date.
  • Widows and eligible dependents of deceased armed forces personnel are also entitled to benefits under the OROP Scheme.


  • The One Rank One Pension (OROP) Scheme promotes fairness and equality by rectifying disparities in pension benefits.
  • It enhances the morale of our armed forces members by guaranteeing them their deserved pension.
  • This initiative recognizes and honors the sacrifices of our veterans in upholding national security.
  • OROP offers financial stability and assistance to retired military personnel, enabling them to live with dignity.


  • Under the OROP Scheme, retired armed forces personnel receive equal pension amounts based on their rank and length of service.
  • Lump sum payments cover the arrears of the revised pension, spanning from retirement date to the implementation of the OROP Scheme.
  • The scheme offers retired military personnel financial stability, assisting them in meeting post-retirement needs and expenses.
  • OROP ensures veterans lead dignified lives by eliminating concerns over inadequate pension benefits.
  • By guaranteeing fair and just pension benefits, the scheme bolsters the motivation and morale of the armed forces personnel.


The OROP Scheme ensures fair pension benefits for retired armed forces personnel. Through rectifying disparities in pension disbursements, the scheme guarantees recognition and support for veterans invaluable contributions to the nation. OROP serves to uplift morale among retired personnel while fostering financial stability and security for their post-retirement years. OROP ensures equal pension payments, empowering veterans to live dignified lives post-service.

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