State PCS

Edit Template
Edit Template

Indian National Congress Sessions: A Historic Journey in Shaping India’s Destiny

Indian National Congress

The Indian National Congress sessions have been instrumental in shaping India’s destiny. Explore the significant milestones, influential leaders, and pivotal moments that have contributed to India’s struggle for independence and nation-building.

Must Read Blogs
Quit India MovementA Sustainable Model for Women’s Leadership
Tenure extension system: SC asks ED chief to quitPrevious Year Paper : MODERN HISTORY
Mock Interviews for Civil Services ExamOnline Judiciary Coaching: Top 10 Judiciary Coaching Institutes 2023


The Indian National Congress (INC), founded in 1885, has played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence and its subsequent nation-building process. The party has held numerous sessions throughout its history, providing a platform for leaders and activists to shape the course of the nation.

1. The First Session (1885) – Laying the Foundation

The inaugural session of the Indian National Congress took place in December 1885 in Bombay (now Mumbai). Under the presidency of A.O. Hume, the Congress aimed to provide a united platform for Indians to voice their concerns and work towards political reform. The first session laid the foundation for future sessions and set the stage for the Indian independence movement.

2. The Surat Split (1907) – Ideological Differences Emerge

The Surat session in 1907 witnessed a major split within the Indian National Congress. The ideological differences between the moderate and extremist factions led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Bal Gangadhar Tilak respectively became prominent. This session highlighted the diversity of opinions within the Congress and marked a turning point in its approach towards the fight for freedom.

3. The Lucknow Pact (1916) – Hindu-Muslim Unity

The Lucknow session of 1916 is remembered for the historic Lucknow Pact. The Congress and the All India Muslim League came together to forge a united front against British colonial rule. Led by leaders like Mohammad Ali Jinnah and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, this session aimed to foster Hindu-Muslim unity and marked an important step towards India’s eventual independence.

4. The Lahore Session (1929) – Demand for Purna Swaraj

The Lahore session in 1929 is considered a significant milestone in India’s struggle for independence. Under the presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Congress declared its demand for complete independence or “Purna Swaraj.”

5. The Quit India Movement (1942) – A Call for Immediate Independence

The Bombay session in 1942, also known as the “Quit India” session, witnessed the Congress’s call for immediate independence from British rule. Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, the Congress demanded the British to “Quit India” and launched a mass movement for freedom. This session is a testament to the courage and determination of the Indian National Congress in the face of adversity.

6. The Avadi Session (1955) – Socialism and Economic Planning

Moreover, the Avadi session in 1955 marked a significant shift in the Congress’s ideology and approach towards economic development. Under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, the session emphasized the adoption of socialist principles and the need for comprehensive economic planning. Notably, this session laid the groundwork for India’s socialist policies and shaped the country’s economic trajectory in the years to come.


Furthermore, the Indian National Congress sessions have played an instrumental role in India’s journey towards independence and subsequent nation-building. These sessions have witnessed the emergence of visionary leaders, the formulation of crucial strategies, and the articulation of the people’s aspirations. Moreover, the diverse range of sessions reflects the dynamism and evolution of the Congress as it navigated through different phases of the freedom struggle. Ultimately, the legacy of these sessions continues to inspire and remind us of the indomitable spirit that shaped India’s destiny.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the significance of the Indian National Congress sessions?

Furthermore, the Indian National Congress sessions hold immense significance as they provided a platform for political discourse, strategy formulation, and shaping the course of India’s freedom struggle. Notably, these sessions showcased the diversity of opinions within the Congress and brought together leaders from different regions and backgrounds.

Q: Who were some of the prominent leaders associated with the Indian National Congress sessions?

Moreover, prominent leaders associated with the Indian National Congress sessions include Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and Mohammad Ali Jinnah, among others. Undeniably, these leaders played pivotal roles in shaping India’s destiny.

Q: How did the Lahore session contribute to India’s struggle for independence?

Furthermore, the Lahore session of 1929 marked the Congress’s demand for complete independence or “Purna Swaraj.” This session not only galvanized the masses but also shifted the focus from constitutional reforms to a more assertive demand for self-governance. Importantly, it played a crucial role in mobilizing public support and energizing the freedom movement.

Q: What was the significance of the Quit India Movement session?

Moreover, the Quit India Movement session in 1942 reflected the Congress’s determination to attain immediate independence from British rule. The call to “Quit India” initiated a mass movement that saw widespread participation and brought the freedom struggle to the forefront. Significantly, this session demonstrated the Congress’s unwavering commitment to the cause of freedom.

Q: How did the Avadi session shape India’s economic policies?

Additionally, the Avadi session in 1955 marked the Congress’s focus on socialism and economic planning. The emphasis on socialist principles and comprehensive economic planning greatly influenced India’s economic policies in the subsequent years. This session laid the foundation for the country’s approach towards equitable development and social welfare.

Read Also: Impact of World War I on India

Demo Class/Enquiries

blog form

More Links
What's New
IAS NEXT is a topmost Coaching Institute offering guidance for Civil & Judicial services like UPSC, State PCS, PCS-J exams since more than 10 years.
Contact Us
Social Icon

Copyright ©  C S NEXT EDUCATION. All Rights Reserved