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Google DeepMind’s SIMA and AlphaGeometry

Google DeepMind’s SIMA and AlphaGeometry

Why in News?

  • Recently, Google DeepMind has revealed its various AI (Artificial Intelligence) products based on Predictive AI Models, such as SIMA (Scalable Instructable Multiworld Agent) and AlphaGeometry.
    • OpenAI’s ChatGPT and Google’s Gemini have garnered significant attention from various sectors, with companies and researchers, including those in oil and gas as well as pharmaceutical industries, increasingly turning to Generative AI or Predictive AI for applications such as oil exploration and drug discovery.
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What is Predictive AI?

  • Predictive AI models are a type of artificial intelligence system designed to forecast or predict future outcomes based on historical data, patterns, and trends.
  • These models utilise advanced algorithms, statistical techniques, and machine learning methods to analyse vast amounts of data and make informed predictions about future events or behaviours.

What is SIMA?

  • SIMA is an AI Agent, which is different from AI models such as Open AI’s ChatGPT or Google Gemini.
  • It is a game assisting AI, making it a valuable asset for enhancing the gaming experience.
  • SIMA can be called a generalist AI Agent that is capable of doing different kinds of tasks.
  • It is like a virtual buddy who can understand and follow instructions in all sorts of virtual environments – from exploring mysterious dungeons to building lavish castles.
  • It can accomplish tasks or solve challenges assigned to it.
  • SIMA “understands” any person’s commands as it has been trained to process human language. So when one asks it to build a castle or find the treasure chest, it understands exactly what these commands mean.
  • One distinct feature of this AI Agent is that it is capable of learning and adapting. SIMA does this through the interactions it has with the user.
  • Google DeepMind collaborated with eight game studios to train SIMA, an AI agent, on nine different video games including Teardown and No Man’s Sky.
  • SIMA learned various skills like navigation, menu use, resource mining, and spaceship flying.
  • They also tested SIMA in four research environments, one of which was the Construction Lab in Unity.

What is Alpha Geometry?

  • DeepMind’s AlphaGeometry is a specialised AI system designed to tackle complex geometry problems.
  • Unlike general-purpose AI models like OpenAI’s ChatGPT or Google’s Gemini, AlphaGeometry is tailored specifically for geometric reasoning tasks.
  • It combines advanced neural language modelling techniques with a symbolic deduction engine specialised in algebraic and geometric reasoning.
  • It leverages both neural language models for intuitive idea generation and symbolic deduction for precise reasoning.
  • When faced with geometry problems, AlphaGeometry first utilises its language model to suggest potential geometric constructs that could aid in solving the problem.
  • These suggestions help inform the symbolic deduction engine, which then makes further deductions and approaches the solution systematically.

How Predictive AI Models are Gaining Traction?

Volcanic Ash Monitoring:
  • Companies like Moscow-based Yandex are utilising advanced mathematical models and neural networks to develop interactive maps for real-time monitoring of volcanic ash dispersion.
  • This enables authorities and communities to respond swiftly to ashfall, safeguarding public safety and infrastructure.
Oil and Gas Exploration:
  • Major oil and gas companies are investing in AI strategies for both upstream (exploration) and midstream (pipeline and logistics) operations.
  • AI algorithms are employed to analyse past surveys and explorations, identify patterns and correlations in data, predict probable reserves, optimise extraction methods, and reduce costs.
Medicine Research:
  • Deep Neural networks are being applied in drug discovery to develop predictive models for assessing the properties of chemical compounds and their potential effectiveness in targeting specific diseases.
  • Pharmaceutical companies like Merck are using machine learning techniques to enhance drug discovery processes, leading to the development of new models for compound assessment.

Read also: Faulting Geometry

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