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Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing, the delivery of computing services via the internet, is being embraced by the Government of India to bolster its e-governance efforts nationwide. With a focus on reducing corruption and enhancing service accessibility, particularly in rural areas, e-governance initiatives are crucial. The government’s ambitious project, “GI Cloud” or “MeghRaj“, aims to leverage cloud technology to expedite service delivery while optimizing ICT spending. By establishing a framework of governance mechanisms, MeghRaj seeks to promote cloud adoption across government agencies.

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Seamless Connectivity: Cloud-based software offers companies from all sectors a number of benefits, including the ability to use software from any device either via a native app or a browser. As a result, users can carry their files and settings over to other devices in a completely seamless manner.

Higher Accessibility: Cloud computing is far more than just accessing files on multiple devices. Thanks to cloud computing services, users can check their email on any computer and even store files using services such as Dropbox and Google Drive.

Improved Disaster Recovery: Cloud computing services also make it possible for users to back up their music, files, and photos, ensuring those files are immediately available in the event of a hard drive crash.

Cost-Saving: It also offers big businesses huge cost-saving potential. Before the cloud became a viable alternative, companies were required to purchase, construct, and maintain costly information management technology and infrastructure.

Scalability: can be improvised to cater to increased demand, say in SMART city mission. Companies can swap costly server centers and IT departments for fast Internet connections, where employees interact with the cloud online to complete their tasks. The cloud structure allows individuals to save storage space on their desktops or laptops.

Increased Collaboration and flexibility: It also lets users upgrade software more quickly because software companies can offer their products via the web rather than through more traditional, tangible methods involving discs or flash drives.

For example, Adobe customers can access applications in its Creative Suite through an Internet-based subscription. This allows users to download new versions and fixes to their programs easily.

Environmentally friendly: Cloud computing reduces a company’s carbon footprint by minimizing energy consumption and carbon emissions by more than 30%. For small businesses, the decreased energy usage can reach up to 90% = A huge money saver.

Cloud computing in Indian Governance

E-Gram Panchayat:
  • Initiative aimed at enhancing governance in rural India through e-governance.
  • Implemented in four phases to streamline government operations at the village level.
Indian Railways on Cloud:
  • Central Railway Ministry adopted cloud technology to manage vast amounts of railway data.
  • Aims to minimize losses due to unconfirmed ticketing by leveraging cloud infrastructure.
Kisan Suvidha:
  • Portal designed to provide instant agricultural information to farmers.
  • Offers details on weather, market prices, agricultural inputs, machinery, and advisories.
  • Notifies farmers about extreme weather conditions and market fluctuations.
  • Public cloud-based storage service provided by the Indian government.
  • Allows citizens to store and access digitally verified documents securely.
  • Over 57.13 million users and 4.27 billion documents issued, proving its success.
  • Cloud-based healthcare management system introduced by the Indian government.
  • Facilitates online registration, appointment scheduling, payment, and access to medical records.
  • Each patient receives a unique identification number for easy record retrieval.
Impact of Cloud Computing:
  • Enabled success of national initiatives like Swachh Bharat Mission, National Scholarship, and e-Transport.
  • Government e-Marketplace (GeM) utilizes multi-cloud architecture for scalability.
  • NIC’s S3WaaS empowers district administrators to create websites effortlessly.
  • NHAI utilizes cloud-based big analytics platform for digital management of highway projects.
Indian Railways Hospital Management:
  • Deploying open source Hospital Management Information System (HMIS) across health facilities.
  • Aims to improve hospital administration and patient healthcare through cloud-based platform.


Security Concerns: Despite advancements, security remains a significant worry in cloud computing, particularly for sensitive data like medical records and financial information. Regulations compel providers to enhance security measures, yet it remains an ongoing challenge.

Encryption and Data Loss: While encryption safeguards vital data, the loss of encryption keys could result in data loss, highlighting a vulnerability.

Risk of Server Failures: Cloud servers are susceptible to natural disasters, internal glitches, and power outages, posing risks to data integrity and accessibility.

Geographical Dependency: The geographical dispersion of cloud services means that disruptions in one area could impact users elsewhere, emphasizing the need for robust contingency plans.

Learning Curve: Adopting cloud technology necessitates a learning curve for both employees and managers. However, errors made within a shared system can propagate system-wide, underscoring the importance of training and oversight.

Maintenance Costs: While the initial cost of cloud servers is low compared to traditional hosting, ongoing maintenance expenses remain consistent, posing a long-term financial consideration.

Internet Reliability: Cloud-based services rely on consistent internet connectivity. Any disruption in connectivity can halt operations until connectivity is restored, highlighting the dependency on reliable internet services.

Data Control Concerns: Critics argue that cloud computing entails relinquishing control over data, particularly concerning data storage locations. This is especially pertinent for regulated industries like banking, where data sovereignty requirements may mandate local storage.

Uses of Cloud Computing

  • Leverage cloud computing for developing, deploying, and scaling applications, whether they are web-based or mobile-based.
  • Reduce development costs and time by utilizing cloud infrastructures for testing and creating applications, benefiting from readily scalable resources.
  • Securely store and access data on a massive scale by utilizing offsite cloud storage solutions, enabling access from any location or device via the internet.
  • Aggregate data from various sources across teams, divisions, and locations in the cloud. Utilize cloud-based technologies like machine learning and artificial intelligence to extract insights for informed decision-making.
  • Engage your audience globally with high-definition video and audio streaming across any device or location. Platforms like Netflix, Amazon Prime, and Hotstar exemplify this capability.
  • Deliver on-demand software to clients through the SaaS model, providing access to the latest software versions and updates centrally hosted on a subscription basis.
  • Evaluate the reliability of cloud services based on their ability to deliver intended functionalities effectively.
  • Control costs by monitoring and managing resources such as Gigabytes of RAM, storage space, and computing power utilized in cloud operations.


Cloud computing can help improve e-governance by making it faster, simpler, and more affordable for various government agencies to deliver services, enhance transparency, raise citizen awareness, and address grievances. Moving forward, it’s essential to prioritize security, ensure systems can work together seamlessly, and manage licensing effectively.

Read Also: Clouds & Types

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