Heavy rains, windstorms, and floods endanger the Lake Victoria Basin (LVB) in East Africa, impacting its inhabitants and unique species. A recent scientific paper in the journal Nature provides a better understanding of changing precipitation patterns and the anticipated effects of climate change in this vulnerable region.
Threats to the Lake Victoria Basin
The survival and access to water of the communities residing in the region are at risk because of the LVB’s vulnerability to torrential rains, windstorms, and floods, which engulf East Africa. These extreme climate events have far-reaching effects on the region’s abundant human population as well as its distinctive biodiversity.
Scientific Report and Precipitation Changes
The scientific study examines the variations in precipitation in the LVB and was published in the journal Nature. The region’s problems will only get worse in the near future due to the presence of significant changes in precipitation patterns and an increase in the frequency of extreme climate events.
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Extent of the Lake Victoria Basin
Tanzania, Burundi, Kenya, Uganda, and Rwanda are all included in the LVB. Severe impacts of extreme weather, particularly persistent flooding, endanger the livelihoods and general well-being of the 40 million people residing in these countries.
Seasonal Rainfall Patterns
There are two main rainy seasons in the LVB. The longer rainy season normally lasts from March to May, whereas the shorter rainy season typically lasts from October to December. These seasons greatly influence the hydrological cycle and the availability of water in the area.