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Context :The Kerala government launched preventive measures after a few cases of brucellosis, a zoonotic infection, was detected...

Context : The Kerala government launched preventive measures after a few cases of brucellosis, a zoonotic infection, was detected in animals. A seven-year-old girl from Kerala was recently affected by the contagious Brucellosis disease mostly found in cattle breeds.

  • It is a dreadful disease caused by genus of bacteria known as Brucella.
  • It infects various species of Brucella cows, buffalos, goats, sheep, pigs, dogs and other animals and also human
  • According to the WHO, most cases of the disease are caused by ingesting unpasteurized milk or cheese from infected goats or sheep.
  • Human become infected by this disease by coming in contact with animals or animal products (meat and milk) contaminated with these bacteria.
  • The persons who are exposed to high risk of brucellosis infection are dairy man, veterinarians, butchers and other animal handlers
  • Symptoms : flu and may include fever, headache, sweats, back pain and physical weakness. In case of severe infections of the central nervous system (CNS) or lining of the heart may also occur.
Try to Solve these MCQs Related with Brucellosis:

Q1: What is Brucellosis?
a) A bacterial infection
b) A viral infection
c) A fungal infection
d) A parasitic infection
Answer: a)

Q2: How is Brucellosis primarily transmitted to humans?
a) Mosquito bites
b) Contaminated food and water
c) Direct contact with infected animals
d) Airborne droplets
Answer: c)

Q3: Which of the following animals is commonly associated with Brucellosis transmission?
a) Dogs
b) Cats
c) Cattle
d) Birds
Answer: c)

Q4: Which body systems are commonly affected by Brucellosis in humans?
a) Respiratory system
b) Nervous system
c) Musculoskeletal system
d) Reproductive system
Answer: d)

Q5: What are the common symptoms of Brucellosis in humans?
a) Fever, fatigue, and joint pain
b) Coughing, sneezing, and sore throat
c) Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
d) Skin rash and itching
Answer: a)

Read Also : World Zoonosis Day 2023

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